菊地 鉄太郎 助教の論文です。
“In vitro circulation model driven by tissue-engineered dome-shaped cardiac tissue”
KIKUCHI Tetsutaro, MATSUURA Katsuhisa, SHIMIZU Tatsuya
Biofabrication, 14(3) (2022)
The heart is an essential organ for animals and humans. With the increased availability of pluripotent stem cells, the use of three-dimensional cardiac tissues consisting of cultured cardiomyocytes inin vitrodrug evaluation has been widely studied. Several models have been proposed for the realization of the pump function, which is the original function of the heart. However, there are no models that simulate the human circulatory system using cultured cardiac tissue. This study shows that a dome-shaped cardiac tissue fabricated using the cell sheet stacking technique can achieve a heart-like pump function and circulate culture medium, there by mimicking the human circulatory system. Firstly, human induced pluripotent stem cells were differentiated into autonomously beating cardiomyocytes, and cardiomyocyte cell sheets were created using temperature-responsive culture dishes. A cardiomyocyte sheet and a human dermal fibroblast sheet were stacked using a cell sheet manipulator. This two-layered cell sheet was then inflated to create a dome-shaped cardiac tissue with a base diameter of 8 mm. The volume of the dome-shaped cardiac tissue changed according to the autonomous beating. The stroke volume increased with the culture period and reached 21 ± 8.9μl (n= 6) on day 21. It also responded toβ-stimulant and extracellular calcium concentrations. Internal pressure fluctuations were also recorded under isovolumetric conditions by dedicated culture devices. The peak heights of pulsatile pressure were 0.33 ± 0.048 mmHg (n= 3) under a basal pressure of 0.5 mmHg on day 19. When the tissue was connected to a flow path that had check valves applied, it drove a directional flow with an average flow rate of approximately 1μl s-1. Furthermore, pressure-volume (P–V) diagrams were created from the simultaneous measurement of changes in pressure and volume under three conditions of fluidic resistance. In conclusion, this cardiac model can potentially be used for biological pumps that drive multi-organ chips and for more accuratein vitrodrug evaluation usingP–Vdiagrams.